Interesting Facts About Hungary
Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Croatia, and Serbia. Now let’s discover those captivating and Interesting Facts About Hungary.
Hungary has a rich history, dating back to the Roman Empire. The country has a diverse culture, with influences from both Eastern and Western Europe.
Hungary has one of the highest standards of living in Eastern Europe, as well as an increasingly strong economy that is experiencing rapid growth.
The official language is Hungarian (also known as Magyar), which is spoken by 98.9% of the population. The currency is the Forint (HUF). Christianity is the dominant religion.
What’s more, the land area of Hungary is 93,030 square kilometers, and it has a population of 9,879,000 people. Budapest is the capital and largest city.
The Hungarian sea?
Hungary is landlocked, meaning it doesn’t have a coastline or any direct access to the sea. Despite this, there are a few interesting facts about Hungary and its relationship to the sea.
For example, did you know that the Hungarian name for the Adriatic Sea is “Fekete tenger,” which means “black sea”?
This is because of the dark color of the water caused by sediment and algae. The Black Sea is also connected to another body of water called the Danube-Black Sea Canal.
This canal was built in order to transport goods from the Danube River to the Black Sea ports. Did you know the canal is about 86 miles long and runs through five different countries: Romania, Ukraine, Moldova, Bulgaria, and Hungary?
The Hungarian Flag
Intriguingly the Hungarian flag is one of the most unique and beautiful flags in the world. It is a horizontal tricolor of red, white, and green, with a coat of arms in the center.
Also, the colors of the flag represent Hungary’s history and culture. Red symbolizes strength and courage, white represents purity and honesty, and green stands for hope and liberty.
Further, the Hungarian flag was designed by Alajos Hauszmann in 1848. The coat of arms on the flag is that of the House of Arpad, which was the ruling dynasty of Hungary from 895 to 1301.
The flag has been unchanged since 1848, except for a brief period during World War II when it was banned by the occupying Nazi regime.
Today, the Hungarian flag is a symbol of national pride for Hungarians all over the world.
How Old Is Hungary?
Hungary is one of the oldest countries and has a rich history that dates back to the 9th century AD.
The country was founded by the Hungarian tribe who arrived in the Carpathian Basin in 895 AD. Since then, Hungary has been through many changes and has been ruled by different kingdoms and empires.
Hungary was a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 to 1918. It became independent in 1918 and adopted a democratic constitution in 1949.
Today, Hungary is a parliamentary republic with a President as the head of state and a Prime Minister as the head of government.
Hungary elects its president through a two-round system. In the first round, all candidates run against each other and the top two vote-getters compete in the second round.
What Was Hungary Called Before?
In 843, the country we now know as Hungary was officially founded. But it wasn’t always called Hungary.
In fact, the country has had a number of different names throughout its history. The first recorded use of the word “Hungary” dates back to 1000 AD.
At that time, the country was known as the Kingdom of Hungary. The name comes from the Hungarians, a nomadic people who settled in the region in 895 AD.
Prior to that, the area was known as Pannonia. This was the Latin name for a province of the Roman Empire that covered parts of present-day Hungary, Austria, Croatia, and Slovenia.
Interesting Facts About Hungary
The Great Hungarian Plain
The Great Hungarian Plain is a vast area of land that covers much of Hungary. Also, the plains are home to a variety of wildlife, including several endangered species.
Fascinatingly, the region is also home to some of Hungary’s most important historical sites. In the middle of the plain is Budapest, Hungary’s capital city.
The Great Hungarian Plain is located in central Europe. It covers almost all of Hungary and it also extends into Romania and Ukraine. The plain is bordered on the north by the Carpathian Mountains.
The Danube River flows through the middle of it, starting in Germany and ending in Romania. Plus, the Great Hungarian Plain makes up most of the country’s area. It covers about a quarter of Europe.
The first communist-bloc country to open its borders with Western Europe
In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Hungary became the first communist-bloc country to open its borders with Western Europe.
This act helped to bring down the Iron Curtain and paved the way for other communist countries to follow suit. It was also the first country to implement a flat tax, which is still in use today.
The country’s history has been marked by wars and invasions. Most recently, it lost its only source of natural gas when neighboring Ukraine cut off energy supplies.
Hungary has been a member of NATO since 1999 and the European Union since 2004. It is also a Schengen country, meaning that it participates in the free movement of people within Europe.
Hungary under communist rule
A Communist state is a state with a form of government that is based on the ideas of Marxism. Marxism is a political and economic theory that was created by Karl Marx.
Hungary was under communist rule from 1949 to 1989. The Hungarian Communist Party was the ruling party during this time. During this time, Hungary was a part of the Soviet Union and its Eastern Bloc.
The Soviet Union had a great influence on Hungary during its time as a communist state. Many Soviet-style buildings were built in Hungary during this time.
The Soviets also helped to Industrialize Hungary. This led to an increase in the standard of living for many Hungarians. In 1989, the Soviet Union began to fall apart.
Many people in Hungary were unhappy with the communist government. They demanded change. On October 23, 1989, the Hungarians held a protest in front of the Parliament building.
The police attacked them with tear gas and water cannons. The Hungarians fought back in the Hungarian revolution.
The Soviet army attacked the protesters with tanks. They killed many Hungarians and forced Hungary out of the Eastern Bloc. The Hungarian government is a democracy.
The current Prime Minister of Hungary is Viktor Orban.
The Hungarian Parliament Building
The Hungarian Parliament building is one of the most beautiful and interesting buildings in the world. Here are some facts about this amazing structure:
- The Parliament building is located in Budapest, Hungary.
- It was completed in 1902 and it took over 20 years to build!
- The Parliament building is 260 meters long and 118 meters wide.
- It has 691 rooms and is the largest building in Hungary!
- The Parliament building is home to the Hungarian National Assembly, which is the country’s unicameral legislature.
- The Parliament building is also a popular tourist attraction – over 1 million people visit it every year!
- The building is decorated with many beautiful statues and paintings, including a famous painting by Hungarian artist Mihaly Munkacsy called “Tragedy of Man”.
The Hungarian language
- Did you know that Hungarian is the official language of Hungary?
- It is also one of the 24 official languages of the European Union.
- Hungarian is a member of the Uralic language family, which includes Finnish, Estonian, and several other languages spoken in Northern and Central Europe.
- Hungarian has been spoken in its present form since the 9th century AD.
- The earliest known written record of Hungarian dates back to 862 AD.
- Hungarian has a unique grammar among the Uralic languages, as well as a large number of loanwords from Turkic, Slavic, and Germanic languages.
- Today, about 14 million people around the world speak Hungarian.
Historical facts about Hungary
- Hungary has been inhabited since the Paleolithic era and has a history that dates back to the Roman Empire and the Great Migration Period. The Hungarians settled in the Carpathian Basin in 896 AD, which is where they still live today.
2. The country was occupied by the Ottoman Turks in 1526, as well as by the Habsburgs, who controlled Hungary until 1918. 5. In 1918, the Austro-Hungarian Empire fell and Hungary became an independent state for the first time in 600 years.
- During World War II, Hungary was occupied by Nazi Germany. After the war, Hungary was a communist state until 1989.
What is Hungary Famous for?
- Hungary is famous for its thermal spas, which are enjoyed by both locals and tourists.
- Hungary is a parliamentary representative democracy, which means that the citizens elect their representatives to the local, county, and national legislative bodies. The current governing party is Fidesz (Hungarian Civic Union).
- Hungary’s economy is service-oriented with some light manufacturing and agriculture.
The capital of Hungary is Budapest, which is also the country’s largest city. Other major cities in Hungary include Debrecen, Miskolc, Pécs, and Szeged.
Budapest is the capital of Hungary and one of the largest cities in the European Union with a population of over 1.8 million.
The city has a rich history, dating back to the Roman era when it was known as Aquincum. Budapest is home to many historical landmarks, such as Buda Castle, Fisherman’s Bastion, and Heroes’ Square.
The city also has a vibrant cultural scene, with numerous museums, theaters, and music venues. Budapest is an increasingly popular tourist destination, offering something for everyone.
Interesting Facts About Hungary
Debrecen is the second largest city in Hungary and the capital of the Hajdú-Bihar county. It is one of the historical centers of the country, being first mentioned in 1235.
Debrecen has a rich cultural heritage, with many museums and theaters. The city is also home to the University of Debrecen, the oldest continuously operating university in Hungary.
The city was destroyed by Mongol invaders in 1241 but was quickly rebuilt. In 1538, Debrecen became one of the first cities in Europe to embrace the Protestant Reformation.
During the Ottoman Empire’s occupation of Hungary, Debrecen served as a refuge for those fleeing religious persecution.
Miskolc is the third-largest city in Hungary and is located in the northeastern part of the country. It has a population of about 161,000 people.
The city is known for its heavy industry and manufacturing, as well as its universities and medical schools.
Miskolc was first mentioned in 1146, making it one of the oldest cities in Hungary. The city’s name comes from the Latin word “mixtum”, meaning “mixed”.
This refers to the mixed ethnicities and religions of the early settlers. Despite its small size, Miskolc has a rich history and culture.
It was one of the first cities in Hungary to have a public library and a city museum. During World War II, Miskolc was heavily bombed by the Allies.
The City of Pécs
Pécs is the fifth largest city of Hungary, located on the slopes of the Mecsek Mountains in the southwest of the country near its border with Croatia.
It is the administrative and economic centre of Baranya County. Pécs is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pécs.
Formerly used by Celts and Romans, this city became the site of a bishopric in the early Medieval Ages.
The nation’s oldest university is also found here and is also the primary cultural center. Interestingly the city is home to several relics that date back to the century of Turkish occupation.
Plus, the city was named a European Capital of Culture city as a result of its multicultural history and immense diversity of values. Over time, the city came to be known for these cultural and historical aspects.
Szeged is a city in Hungary located on the Tisza River and serves as the county seat of Csongrád County. The city has a population of around 161,000 people.
Szeged has a long history, dating back to the 11th century when it was first mentioned in documents.
The city was destroyed by Mongol invaders in 1241 but was rebuilt and flourished in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Szeged was occupied by the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century but regained its autonomy in the 18th century.
The University of Szeged, founded in 1581, is one of the oldest universities in Hungary. The university attracts students from all over Hungary and abroad. Szeged is also home to many museums, theaters, and other cultural institutions.
The Unique Flavors of Hungarian Wine
Perhaps surprisingly Hungarian wines are some of the most unique and flavorful in the world. The country’s climate and soil create ideal conditions for growing grapes.
Hungarian wines have been enjoyed for centuries and are now gaining popularity worldwide. Plus, Hungary has a long history of winemaking, dating back to Roman times.
The country has a diverse climate, which allows for the production of both red and white wines.
Hungarian wines are known for their high quality and unique flavor profiles. Some of the most popular varieties include Tokaji, Furmint, and Hárslevelű.
Tokaji is a wine region in Hungary that is best known for its sweet dessert wines. The region is located in the northeastern part of the country, near the city of Tokaj.
The climate here is perfect for growing grapes, and the soils are rich in minerals. Intriguingly, the region has been producing wine for centuries, and it was even mentioned in a poem by Shakespeare!
Today, Tokaji wines are made from a blend of grape varieties, including Furmint, Hárslevelű, and Yellow Muscat. These wines are typically aged for several years before they are ready to drink.
Tokaji wines are made from the Furmint grape and are sweet. These wines can be enjoyed with desserts, cheese, or on their own.
If you’re looking for a unique wine to add to your collection, then look no further than Tokaji! These delicious dessert wines are sure to please any palate.
More Wine Facts
Furmint is a white wine grape that is grown in Hungary. The grape is named after the town of Furmint, where it is thought to have originated.
Did you know the grape is also grown in other parts of Central and Eastern Europe, as well as Australia and New Zealand? Furmint has a high acidity, which makes it a good wine for aging.
The grape is often used in sweet dessert wines, but it can also be made into a dry wine. Furmint wines are typically golden in color and have aromas of citrus fruits, flowers, and honey.
Furmint is also used to make lighter-bodied red wines and is definitely worth trying.
Hárslevelű is a white grape that is mostly grown in Hungary, where it is used as a blending component for the renowned Furmint in the dry and sweet wines of the Tokaj region.
Vinified as a pure varietal dry wine, Hárslevelű is capable of yielding a dense, full-bodied, green-gold wine with an intense aroma of spice, pollen, and elderflowers.
Hárslevelű is an excellent base for many hearty Hungarian dishes. It’s highly suited to sweet Tokaji wines, which pair well with strong blue cheese.
The sweetness of these wines balances out the saltiness of the blue cheese. The dry styles are a good fit with paprika-spiced chicken stews, which are famous in Hungary.
Interesting Facts About Hungary And Its Wine
In Hungary, wine is not only popular but also an important part of the country’s culture. Here are some interesting fun facts about Hungarian wine:
- Hungary has a long history of viticulture and winemaking, dating back to the Roman era.
- Also, Hungary is home to some of the world’s oldest vineyards, including Tokaj-Hegyalja, which has been producing wine for over 1,000 years.
- Hungary is one of the world’s leading producers of dry white wine, accounting for nearly 20% of global production.
- The most popular type of Hungarian wine is Furmint, a dry white wine made from a native grape variety.
- Hungarian wines are typically high in acidity and have a strong mineral character, thanks to the country’s soils rich in limestone and volcanic ash.
Why is it considered rude to clink your beer glasses?
When toasting with beer, it is considered rude to clink glasses in Hungary. The reason for this is that during the second world war, Hungarians were forced to drink and toast with the occupying Nazi soldiers.
After the war, the practice continued out of spite for the Nazis. Now, clinking beer glasses is seen as a sign of respect for your fellow drinkers.
Enjoying these facts, then next read Interesting Facts About Chad
More Hungarian Facts
Lake Balaton is a freshwater lake in Hungary
Lake Balaton is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary. It is the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the region’s foremost tourist destinations.
Plus the lake is also a popular destination for fishing, sailing, and windsurfing.
The lake was formed by the melting of glaciers during the last ice age. Its shores are home to numerous hot springs, which were once used by the Romans to bathe in.
Did you know the lake’s water is also said to have medicinal properties, and it is a popular destination for those seeking therapy for various ailments?
The lake is named after the city of Pécs, which lies on its western shore. Interestingly, the word “Balaton” means “deep lake” in Hungarian.
The ancient Latin name of the lake is lacus Pelsodis or Pelso. Lake Balaton is also home to a unique species of fish called the Balaton gudgeon.
This fish is only found in Lake Balaton and its tributaries and is considered a delicacy by many Hungarians.
Hot water springs in Hungary
Hungary is home to over 1,300 hot springs, making it a top destination for those looking to relax and rejuvenate.
The country’s thermal springs have been used for centuries for their healing properties, and today there are over 50 spas and baths across Hungary.
The most popular hot spring in Hungary is the Széchenyi Baths in Budapest, which attracts over 1 million visitors each year.
Other popular hot springs include the Miskolc-Tapolca Cave Bath, the Hévíz Thermal Lake, and the Lukács Baths.
Hot springs in Hungary are typically around 30-40 degrees Celsius (86-104 Fahrenheit), and contain high levels of minerals such as sulphur, calcium, and magnesium.
Today, hot springs are used to treat everything from muscle strain and joint pain to skin diseases.
Hungary’s thermal spas are known around the world for their spa treatments, which include massages, mud baths, and even Turkish baths.
Interesting Facts About Hungary
Who invented the Rubik’s cube?
Rubik’s cube is a 3D mechanical puzzle invented in 1974 by Hungarian sculptor and professor of architecture Ernő Rubik.
Originally called the Magic Cube, the puzzle was licensed by erno rubik to be sold by Ideal Toy Corp. in 1980 and won the German Game of the Year special award for Best Puzzle that year.
As of January 2009, 350 million cubes had been sold worldwide making it the world’s top-selling puzzle game. It is widely considered to be the world’s best-selling toy.
The standard 3×3×3 Rubik’s cube has six faces, each covered by nine stickers of different colors: white, red, blue, orange, green, and yellow.
A solved cube has each face showing one color. While the cube can appear daunting at first glance, only a few simple algorithms are needed to solve it.
The ballpoint pen
The ballpoint pen is a popular writing instrument used all over the world. Though it is commonly believed that the ballpoint pen was invented in Hungary, this is not actually the case.
The first patent for a ballpoint pen was filed in 1888 by an American, John J. Loud. It wasn’t until 1943 that the modern ballpoint pen was invented by Hungarian journalist László Bíró.
Bíró was looking for a way to write more quickly and efficiently, and he came up with the idea of using a small ball to deliver ink to paper.
He teamed up with his brother György to create the first working prototype of the ballpoint pen.
Today, Hungary is home to several major manufacturers of ballpoint pens, including Cross, Parker, and Montblanc.
Who Was Franz Liszt?
Franz Liszt was a world-renowned Hungarian composer and pianist during the Romantic era. He is considered one of the greatest composers of all time, and his music is still popular today.
Liszt was born in Hungary in 1811 and began playing piano at a young age. He quickly rose to fame for his virtuosic abilities and toured Europe extensively throughout his career.
Liszt composed many famous pieces of music, including symphonies, concertos, and solo piano works. He was also an accomplished conductor, and founded several music schools during his lifetime.
Franz Liszt died in 1886, but his legacy continues to live on through his music.
Who Was Béla Bartok?
Bela Bartok was a Hungarian composer who was born in 1881. He is considered to be one of the most important composers of the 20th century.
Bartok’s music is characterized by its use of folk elements from Hungary and other countries.
He also incorporated new harmonic and rhythmic ideas into his music. béla bartók died in 1945, but his music continues to be performed and recorded today.
Interesting facts about Hungary
This year, Hungary is in the news for winning two Nobel prizes. The first was given to novelist Peter Handke, and the second was given to physicist Gérard Mourou.
Handke was rewarded for his contributions to literary history, while Mourou was awarded the Nobel prize in physics. T
he Nobel Prize is a set of prizes that are awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. These prizes were created by Alfred Bernhard Nobel and were first awarded in 1901.
The largest synagogue in Europe
The Dohány Street Synagogue is the largest synagogue in Europe and the second largest in the world. It is located in Budapest, Hungary.
The synagogue was built in 1859 and can seat 3,000 people. The building is a mix of Moorish Revival and Neo-Gothic styles.
It was designed by Hungarian architect Ludwig Förster. The synagogue was destroyed during World War II, but later rebuilt. The building is listed as a national monument of Hungary.
What’s more the largest synagogue in the world The Knesset Yisrael Synagogue, located in Jerusalem, Israel, is the largest synagogue in the world. It seats 6,000 people.